Lipton Iced Tea – SWOT / PESTEL

Executive summery 2
1. Gantt chart 3
2. History of Unilever 5
2.2 Lipton Industry Profile 7
2.2.1 Situational Analysis 8
2.2.2 SWOT Analysis Lipton Tea 11
2.2.3 Market Segmentation 15
2.3 Recommendation 22
3. Industry Trend Analysis 25
3.1 Unilever in Best Position for Long-Term Growth 25
3.2 Innovation in Unilever 26
3.3 Competitors Analysis 28
3.4 PESTEL Analysis – UNILEVER 30
4. Product life cycle 33
References 45

Table of content
Table 1 Grantt chart ””””””””””””””’.. 4
Table 2 threat of new entrance ””””””””””””’. 21
Table 3 customer value position ””””””””””””’39

List of figures
Figure 1 Porters five forces ””””””””””””’. 19
Figure 2 BCG matric ””””””””””””””34
Figure 3 product life cycle””””””””””””’.. 36
Figure 4 Ansoff matrix ”””””””””””””…38
Executive summery

The venture is fundamentally the dispatch of Lipton Ice Tea under Unilever Sri Lanka. It begins with the Brief history and foundation of Unilever and Lipton. It incorporates every one of the perspectives embrace by Lipton keeping in mind the end goal to better market its position in Sri Lanka. It reviews the methodologies embrace by the Lipton.

Next a percentage of the elements of the critical brand i.e. Lipton tea are given.

We get a ton of data from the site of the Lipton tea We look at the advertising procedure for this organization furthermore make industry investigation, organization examination, client examination, SWOT investigations and showcasing objective. One advantage is this how we can pick the objective business sector as indicated by our way of life.
1. Gantt chart
The Gantt chart

Name of the Source 1st Week 2nd Week 3rd Week 4th Week 5th Week 6th Week
Essentials of Marketing by Lancaster G. and Massingham, L
Essentials of Marketing Management by Lancaster G & Massingham, L
Marketing by Geoff Lancaster and Paul Reynolds
Principles of Marketing, 4thEd, Brassington,F.andPettit,S.
Marketing Concepts and Strategies by Dibb,S. Simkin,L., Pride,W. and Ferrell,O.C
Marketing Communications: Contexts, Strategies and Applications, by Fill,C.
Principles of Marketing by Kotler,P.,Armstrong,G.,Saunders.,J.and Wong,V
Marketing Plans for service Businesses by Payne
Principles of Marketing by Hundekar, S.G. Appannaiah, H.R. Reddy, P.N.
Principles of Marketing by Sherlekar, S.A. Prasad, K. Nirmala Victor, S.J. Salvadore

Boughton, J.M., 2002
Annual Report
Marks & Spencer, 2004.

Table 1 : Grantt chart
2. History of Unilever

Lever Brothers was established in 1885 by William Hesketh Lever. Lever built up cleanser industrial facilities around the globe. In 1917, he started to differentiate into sustenances, getting fish, frozen yogurt and canned nourishments organizations. In the Thirties, Unilever acquainted enhanced innovation with the business. The business developed and new pursuits were dispatched in Latin America. The entrepreneurial soul of the originators and their minding way to deal with their workers and their groups stay at the heart of Unilever’s business today.

Unilever was framed in 1930 when the Dutch margarine organization Margarine Unie converged with British cleanser creator Lever Brothers. Organizations were seeking the same crude materials, both were included in huge scale promoting of family unit items and both utilized comparable conveyance channels. Between them, they had operations in more than 40 nations. Margarine Unie developed through mergers with other margarine organizations in the 1920s. In a history that now crosses three centuries, Unilever’s prosperity has been affected by the real occasions of the day ‘ financial blast, despondency, world wars, changing shopper ways of life and advances in innovation.

Unilever today

Unilever brands are trusted all around and, by listening to the general population who purchase them, they’ve developed into one of the world’s best shopper products organizations.

Actually, 150 million times each day, somebody some place picks a Unilever item.

Unilever have an arrangement of brands that are mainstream over the globe – and also territorial items and nearby assortments of popular name merchandise. This differences originates from two of their key qualities: Strong roots in neighborhood markets and direct learning of the nearby culture. World class business mastery connected globally to serve shoppers all over the place.


Sort of business: Fast Moving Consumer Goods Company with neighborhood producing offices, answering to territorial business bunches for advancement and business results.

Operations: Home and Personal Care, Foods
Constitution: Unilever – 60.75% shares, Government of Bangladesh – 39.25%
Product categories: Household Care, Fabric Cleaning, Skin Cleansing, Skin Care, Oral Care, Hair Care, Personal Grooming, Tea based Beverages.
Brands: Wheel, Lux, Lifebuoy, Fair & Lovely, Pond’s, Close Up, Sunsilk, Taaza, Pepsodent, Clear, Vim, Surf Excel, Rexona, Dove, Vaseline & Lakme.
Mission is to add Vitality to life. We meet everyday needs for nutrition, hygiene and personal care with brands that help people look good, feel good and get more out of life.
2.2 Lipton Industry Profile

Unilever is one of the world’s most prominent purchaser merchandise organization and Lipton is a result of Unilever.

Sir Thomas Lipton was a Scottish-conceived business person and trend-setter who chose in 1880, at 40 years old, that he would make tea available to all at satisfactory costs and with an ensured quality. Before Thomas Lipton, tea had been costly. It was a refreshment for the rich and variable in taste as an aftereffect of uncalled for bundling and transportation. Thomas Lipton obtained tea bequests in Ceylon (today Sri Lanka) and sorted out bundling and transportation requiring little to no effort to offer his teas ‘direct from the tea greenery enclosure to the tea pot’. In 1893, he built up the Thomas J Lipton Co., a tea pressing organization with its home office and industrial facility in Hoboken, New Jersey.

LIPTON tea were a prompt achievement in the US. Thomas Lipton was knighted by Queen Victoria, who made him Sir Thomas Lipton in 1898 at the age of forty-eight.

On account of Sir Thomas Lipton, LIPTON is the world’s driving tea brand and present in more than 80 nations.

LIPTON remains for splendor, imperativeness and fun. It bargains of yellow name, frosted tea and green teas. It is intended for upper center, upper lower and upper white collar class. Lipton is a business sector pioneer in the business. It comes in every one of the bundles including hard packs, jugs and tea sacks.

2.2.1 Situational Analysis

Microenvironment Factors
Microenvironment of an organization is every one of the elements that influence its capacity to serve its clients. It incorporates the organization, suppliers, advertising go-betweens, client markets, contenders, and publics.

1. The Company:

Unilever is the biggest FMCG Company in Sri Lanka, which was set up in 1948. It is a universal organization, with head workplaces in the greater part of the nations of the world. Individuals at Unilever cooperate to achieve a solitary target, which is client, need fulfillment. The general population at work, directions to accomplish this objective through setting up destinations and targets and achieving them. Top Management set the mission and destinations, while the promoting directors set procedures as indicated by every one of these choices and missions. Unilever procedure has been entirely astounding; their endeavors go past simply giving the items, all the more vitally, furnishing customers with the required wellbeing and nourishment data that can offer them some assistance with making better educated decisions to lead a more beneficial way of life

2. Suppliers:

The suppliers have made a critical connection in the organization’s general client quality and conveyance framework.

3. Marketing Intermediaries:

Unilever marketing middle people have assumed a powerful part in appropriating its items. Unilever items are broadly accessible in almost all retail locations. The physical dispersion of the firm is entirely adjusted and covers a wide range. Monetary delegates of the firm are entirely solid and portray a firm connection with the organization. These have emphatically helped the organization in advancing its items.

4. Clients:

The clients have dependably been entirely fought with the items. There’s a gigantic extensive variety of items created that are being utilized by shoppers on standard premise. The organization has kept up its standard however out, that has assisted in tying solid relations with its clients. Clients don’t crave changing to some other brands and are visually impaired collapsed by the standard and quality delivered. The Unilever Lipton cardamom tea targets extremely corner market, the idea is new and not very many individuals know about it.

Macro Environment Factors:

Smaller scale environment components are all the societal elements, which influence the organization; these incorporate demographics, financial, regular, innovative, political and social powers.

1. Demographics:

Sri Lanka is the nation here tea admission is high when contrasted with different nations of the world. For the most part, individuals devour 2 some tea for each day. So demographically in a nation like Sri Lanka where tea admission is high, any creation or advancement in the line/item augmentation would help the organization to develop.

The demographics incorporate ages, area, sex, race, and occupation and so on.

Lipton is intended for upper center, upper lower and upper working class. The potential business sector of Lipton is the general population matured 10-60; it doesn’t focus on the kids.

2. Economic Forces:

The purchasing of Lipton cardamom tea, which is for a specific class and corner market, the financial elements like low pay, the decrease in the generation, the expansion rate may impact the purchasing example of the general population.

3. Social Factors:

The Sri Lanka society is impressively assorted and this differing qualities has delivered special social amalgam of its own sort. In spite of the fact that, the objective business sector of Lipton Cardamom tea are the general population who are differing and prepared to have a go at something new and interesting, which waits to their taste buds and give them an invigorate feeling.

The interior and outer circumstance investigation can deliver a lot of data, a lot of which may not be exceedingly important. The SWOT analysis can serve as an interpretative channel to lessen the data to a sensible amount of key issues. The SWOT analysis groups the interior parts of the organization as qualities or shortcomings and the outer situational variables as circumstances or dangers. Qualities can serve as an establishment for building an upper hand, and shortcomings might impede it. By comprehension these four parts of its circumstance, a firm can better influence its qualities, adjust its shortcomings, benefit from brilliant open doors, and discourage possibly annihilating dangers.

2.2.2 SWOT Analysis Lipton Tea


‘ LIPTON TEA gives additional supplements as characteristic concentrates. These concentrates give extra vitamins, calcium, iron, sugars and so on. LIPTON TEA does not comprise of any counterfeit flavorings or hues.

‘ The Unilever is extremely particular considering the way that this item has a mix of qualities that are not generally found in the contending items. LIPTON TEA’s uniqueness lies in its nourishing worth and herbs which serves as its unilever.


‘ Strong Direct and Indirect Competition:

There is solid rivalry in the business through the vicinity of Tea industry mammoths like Tapal, tetly and so on and furthermore Pepsi and Coca-Cola catch a huge piece of the overall industry through proficient and across the board limited time battles and dissemination system.

‘ Conventional Perception about Tea:

In a nation like Sri Lanka the utilization of tea is high. Remembering this there are a considerable measure of organizations taking into account this need fragment. LIPTON TEA, however is a separated item, has tea as its base, accordingly the primary picture that it evokes in the brain of clients is that of a beverage that is taken chilled in various flavors.

An unfathomable number individuals in Sri Lanka are exceptionally impervious to change, in this way we won’t just experience issues in making shopper dependability additionally pulling in first-time clients.

‘ Devaluation of Rupee:

The past monetary states of the nation have brought about crumbling and precarious estimation of the Sri Lanka Rupee in correlation with other outside coinage. This causes the costs of imports to vacillate and in the meantime lessens the certainty of the merchants, on whom we vigorously depend upon. Aside from this, these consistent changes cause our expense to be for the most part high on numerous occasions bringing about vulnerability.

‘ Competition:

Lipton has extraordinary rivalry, as our examination is one of their shortcomings as to stay alive against a monster as Lipton and the other one new contestant in the refreshments commercial enterprises. Our item is suitable just for summer season.


‘ High Potential In Terms Of Increasing Market Share:

LIPTON TEA Pvt. Ltd sees the always expanding piece of the pie as an open door for LIPTON TEA. The item that is being offered by us is not promptly accessible as far as both neighborhood marks that are accessible in the main stores of these urban areas.

‘ Higher level of flexibility from the more youthful era:

The young of Sri Lanka rather than their points of reference are more versatile and beneficiary towards new thoughts. It is this flexibility of theirs that will turn out to be an open door for LIPTON TEA. Lipton trusts that since our item is advantageous as well as imaginative and obviously appealing too, it will pull in these youths and in addition individuals in their thirties through these components, who over every other thing rate comfort and quality first.

‘ Fill escape clauses present in the contending items:

Engaging, high caliber and consistency in taste are components that are over looked by the contenders because of one reason or the other. Regardless of the possibility that these elements are available in a couple of items they are profoundly evaluated and are not effortlessly accessible in the business sector in light of being transported in. Lipton, with the assistance of LIPTON TEA, goes for filling these provisos by giving assortment, uniqueness and consistency in taste all at a sensible cost.

‘ Nutritional Product:

LIPTON TEA, as opposed to tea and other organic product drinks accessible in the business sector, contains no simulated flavors or shading. Aside from this present it’s low caffeine content, non-carbonated and vicinity of extra vitamins, calcium, starch and iron substance make it an alluring distinct option for the effectively display drinks in the business sector. The oddity of our beverage will pull in the wellbeing cognizant gathering of shoppers who are generally dismissed.


‘ Government Policies:

Government Policies like GST, which has been imposed upon every single customer item, acts like a danger to us as to satisfy this basis and to take care of our costs we need to set our costs higher than we at first sought after. Aside from this the debilitating strategies with respect to the import of tealeaves is another danger for us.

‘ Competitor’s Strategies and Polices:

The very actuality that LIPTON TEA is contending with names like Tapal,Supreme,Tetly, Pepsi and so on stances to be a danger for us.At this underlying stage, however LIPTON ICE TEA will be substantiated with a sufficient promoting spending plan, it might at present miss the mark regarding that of its rivals.

‘ Unaccounted rivalry:

Another danger that LIPTON TEA appearances is rivalry as far as carried results of the same item class through the Black Market.

‘ One of the significant dangers that LIPTON TEA has is that how to utilize the tea because of the absence of education in Sri Lanka.

‘ If any NEW contender will enter in the business sector.

‘ As we are wholesalers if organization build their cost or quit fabricating the item our business will prompt disappointment.

2.2.3 Market Segmentation

Market portions are gathering of clients having comparative needs/needs and inclinations. It empowers the association to all the more nearly match it advertising blend with the clients of same needs or requests.
Buyers can be assembled and served in different routes in light of geographic, demographic, psycho representation and behavioral premise.
Tea drinking is our national propensity, fixation and a portion of our transformative society; it is no more a style in Sri Lanka. Tea drinking has turned out to be such a propensity in Sri Lanka that such mottos for tea consumers are noticeable all around.

Target Market

Lipton Cardamom Tea has utilized concentrated corner showcasing methodology. Lipton has picked Niche showcasing on the grounds that it goes for an extensive offer of one or few fragments. The smell and embodiment is not the need of everybody, just couple of tasteful individuals, who need an awesome way of life with a touch of uniqueness will go for a cardamom enhanced tea. Lipton fundamentally has focused on the urban regions and has focused on the upper and working classes {preferable age bunch running from (15 ‘ 60)}. Today as both men and ladies expend rise to measures of tea the age bunch portion chose for Lipton is 15 ‘ 60 for they need to focus on those individuals who are youthful in vogue, cosmopolitan hip and cosmopolitan.

Lipton cardamom tea is a result of Unilever focused for specialty market with new pith and flavor. It is fantastic high value item. The general population at Lipton comprehended the need of the corner market, that the specialty business sector is more inventive and need changes. Besides, Lipton does not concentrate on the family units, the Lipton cardamom tea concentrates on the corporate greed of this item. It is accessible to the colleges, workplaces and shopping centers. Thusly, it is focused on the requirements of the general population who need solace, quality, accommodation and delight.

Market Size Calculation

Locale: Sri Lanka (Lahore, Karachi and Islamabad)
City or metro Size: = 25.914 Million
Thickness: Urban (70% of metro size = 18.139 Million
Atmosphere: Northern, Southern

Age: 12+ (80% of Density) = 14.511 Million
Sexual orientation: Male, Female
Family Size: 3+ (80% of Age) = 11.609 Million

Family Life Cycle: All
Pay: Above Rs 30,000/= 5.224 Million
Occupation: All aside from agriculturists and unemployed (60% of wage) = 1.134 Million

Social class: upper, lower uppers and upper middles (half of occupation)
= 1.567 Million
Ways of life: Achievers, Experiencers (90% of social class) = 1.410 Million
Events: Regular event
Advantages: Quality, comfort, delight (70% of ways of life) = 0.9873 Million
Client status: first time (45% of advantages) = 0.444 Million
Utilization rate: Medium
Status stage: Unaware

Therefore Market size is
NUMBER OF BUYERS = 0.444 Million
THEREFORE 0.444 * 48per year = 21.312Million
Situating is the way the item is characterized by customers on essential qualities.
Lipton is depicted as an excellent item for the most part obliging the well-off or the white collar class; it depicts itself as a cosmopolitan, rich, high class and modern tea. It depicts itself as a “will be an indication of good taste” through its motto.
The Lipton cardamom tea is a seasoned tea with another fragrance and taste. It is a quality added to their past picture. They situated their item in the psyche of customer as another quality added to the tea, offering center advantage of taste alongside wellbeing.

Position their product as

‘ High quality
‘ High cost
‘ Great fragrance
‘ New taste
‘ Exciting and reviving

Figure 1: Porter’s five forces
Threats of New Entrants


Lipton is the business sector pioneer of tea around the world. Any new contestant in the business sector needs a tremendous funding to take an interest in the race with the Lipton.


To claim a merchant divert in the business sector where substantial association like Lipton are as of now present is exceptionally troublesome for the new participants.


Step by step instructions to distinguish our image in the business sector is more troublesome for any new participants, in light of the fact that Lipton is an extremely unmistakable brand so it is exceptionally troublesome for the new contestant to contend.

Bargaining Power of Buyers

The dealing force of purchasers with Lipton items is high in Sri Lanka as a result of their value affectability, brand faithfulness status which is turning out to be high in Sri Lanka and they are turning out to be more acquainted with the items and the elements of various brands including Unilevers brand Lipton.

Bargaining Power of Suppliers

The bartering force of suppliers with Lipton in Sri Lanka is low in light of the accessibility of extensive quantities of suppliers in the business sector and it turns into the honor for the suppliers to wind up a supplier of Lipton, the world’s biggest HOUSEHOLD Company, yet now Unilever has just about its own particular suppliers.

Threats of New Entrants

Lipton does not have such a large number of dangers of substitutes for its items aside from few which are:
Products Substitutes Complements
Soft drinks Juices/drinks
Mineral water Juices/drinks –
Packet milk Milk from Milkmen Hygienic
Juices Cold drinks Tastes
Coffee Tea –

Table 2: Threats of new entrants

2.3 Recommendation

‘ Significance on more deceivability

Lipton tea ought to give more significance on deceivability. They ought to pick more beautiful rack talker, bulletin and so forth and show every one of the items more appealing ways so customers can without much of a stretch notice the item and feel urge to purchase the items.

‘ Give more limited time special to the retailers and customers

To energize customers Lipton tea ought to give more limited time special to the customers like all the more free blessings and for the retailers they can give more motivating forces. They can likewise orchestrate diverse projects for their dedicated retailers.

‘ Change the date over or harmed items

Unilever never show signs of change their harmed items or date over items. At times retailers are grievances however they don’t make any move. They ought to change this strategy.

‘ Concentrate on their items conveyance timing

Once in a while conveyance deals delegate can’t reach to the business sector on time. That is the reason retailers couldn’t take every one of the items as indicated by the request. The purpose for is contenders deals agent comes early which helps them to get more requests for the items.

‘ Occasion based advancement

Unilever can mastermind uncommon advancement in various occasions like Eid, New Year and other regular occasions. It is not that they need to make a costly advancement; they can keep it straightforward like giving free staple or non-marked things with any Unilever item relying upon the subject of the occasion.

‘ Preparing program for retailers

Unilever can sort out unique preparing program for the retailers where they will be given preparing on the most proficient method to manage clients, keep up long haul association with them, retail administration, and advertising of item and so on.

‘ Plan of Special Events
Unilever can sort out uncommon occasions for the retailers like excursion or outing or game plans of games. This will act as an inspiration for them.
3. Product Classification and Consumer Buying Behavior

Lipton cardamom tea is an unsought item and has little mindfulness.

Buying Behavior
The general population purchasing Lipton Cardamom tea has Variety-Seeking Buying conduct, in spite of the fact that Lipton arrangements to change it to ongoing purchasing conduct.

Perceptual Map

The item is of high caliber and high cost. The quality in the embodiment of cardamom and advantages of cardamom.

3. Industry Trend Analysis

3.1 Unilever in Best Position for Long-Term Growth

Notwithstanding a late benefit cautioning, Anglo-Dutch aggregate Unilever lies in the best position to accomplish the most astounding volume development out of worldwide nourishment producers. Unilever surpasses its companions as far as developing markets introduction, with Danone, Nestl” and Proctor and Gamble (P&G) taking after.

In spite of the fact that headwinds continue in the prompt future, over the long haul developing markets offer quick moving purchaser merchandise (FMCG) organizations an undebatable open door. Accepting high populace development combined with rising wages, the bundled products division in such economies is set to extend, and at a developing rate. BMIholds the perspective that such situations will play out crosswise over a great part of the creating scene. In spite of the fact that our nation hazard group trusts that development throughout the following decade won’t coordinate that of earlier years, regardless we estimate genuine GDP development to normal around 6% crosswise over 2013-2017 in China and India. We expect GDP per capita over the creating scene to convey much more grounded development. Somewhere around 2013 and 2017, we estimate GDP per capita in US$ terms to develop by 20.2% in Turkey, 37.6% in China, and a 49.9% in India. Also, we anticipate that populace development will post humble expansions in these nations.

Such occasions will fuel interest for bundled sustenance over the creating scene. As livelihoods ascend crosswise over poorer demographics, sustenance utilization will rise comprehensively in coupled. Producers of bundled nourishment will be the best recipients of this pattern, as the formal, fabricated sustenance segment will expand its offer of the business sector. Somewhere around 2013 and 2017, BMI conjectures downright nourishment utilization per capita in US$ terms to ascend by around a third in China, India and Turkey individually.

we trust that Unilever is one of the best put organizations to exploit such patterns. Unilever leads its companions as far as developing business sector presentation, with 55% of its aggregate deals originating from such economies. France-based Danone and Swiss organization Nestl” take after altogether behind, with developing business sector deals making up 42% and 40% of their sums separately. These FMCG goliaths are progressively hoping to add to their developing business sector portfolio, with acquisitions and associations being reliably settled around the world.

3.2 Innovation in Unilever

Brands and development are at the heart of all that we do. In Unilever, innovative work (R&D) is the home of leap forward innovation for greater, better, speedier advancements.
Accomplishment for us implies making items that keep pace with changes in customer ways of life and that speak to individuals at all wage levels.

Unilever leadership

Science and innovation has been the foundation of Unilever’s brands for well more than 100 years.
Unilever reputation is second to none, and our rationality of utilizing driving edge R&D to drive world-class advancement can be seen at each stage in our history, from the improvement of vitamin-enhanced margarine amid the dejection of the 1930s to the dispatch a year ago of toothpaste containing optical-impact innovation which immediately makes teeth show up more white.

Unique expertise

Unilever have constantly centered on drawing in the absolute best researchers and technologists to work with us, and today we have an incorporated worldwide R&D association that numbers more than 6,000. Moreover, Unilever responsibility to open development implies that we team up with numerous more R&D specialists and establishments everywhere throughout the world. Every year they spend around ‘1bn on R&D, and they normally document somewhere around 250 and 350 new patent applications every year.

Unilever’s R&D skill is interestingly rich, as it traverses the broadness of Foods and Home and Personal Care advancements. In the years ahead Unilevr will keep on drawing on this exceptional mastery to grow huge advancements that add imperativeness to the lives of shoppers all around the globe whilst proceeding with our examination into the up and coming era of buyer products. The best is yet to come!

Sustainable innovation

The Unilever Sustainable Living Plan (propelled in 2010) is the organization’s guide on how it will accomplish a multiplying of the business while splitting the ecological impression of its items.

Unilever Sustainable Living Plan

Unilever R&D has a critical part to play in the configuration and utilization of items since shoppers are progressively searching for items that mean they can ‘do their bit’ for the earth while in the meantime offering them some assistance with looking great, feel great and get more out of life.

Unilever R&D as of now has a long history of creating items that meet these demanding criteria and, looking to the future, every one of our items will fuse social, financial and ecological measurements in their development arranges.
3.3 Competitors Analysis

No business is an island. For achievement, the business should manage clients, suppliers, workers, and others. In all cases there will likewise be different associations offering comparative items to comparable clients. These different associations are contenders. What’s more, their goal is the same: to develop, profit and succeed. Adequately, the organizations are at war, battling to pick up the same asset and region i.e. the client and like in war, it is important to comprehend the adversary. Thus we will break down the focused business sector of Unilever.

Contenders are the significant risk face by each organization in a business sector. Organizations need to keep a watchful beware of its rivals. They need to keep into thought that what different contenders is putting forth, at what costs, what quality, what advantages and so on. Lipton cardamom tea is a recently presented idea and it has not caught a substantial market but rather still all significant tea organizations are its rivals.

The fundamental contender of Lipton cardamom tea is Tapal, which has the 41% of piece of the overall industry.


Tapal tea is one of the significant contenders for Lipton in the tea business. Its item go has accomplished incredible ubiquity in Sri Lanka. Items, for example, tapal dander and family blend are the top offering brands of tapal, different brands are likewise picking up acknowledgment in the business sector. The organization has delighted in an amazing development especially amid the most recent decade to grow its base in the marked business sector, which for long were commanded by multinational contenders. Amid the year 2009, Tapal ‘s piece of the pie has expanded. The piece of the overall industry has ascended as Tapal has won clients because of its solid taste and smell supported by imaginative items, for occurrence, around the same time; Safari was propelled with the point of ‘altering the taste buds of customers with a more grounded mix of tea ” .Tapal has occupied with broad advancement of its items. Another component driving deals is generally less costs. The expansion in piece of the pie is clear from its increment in deals. Tapal has demonstrated an expansion of around 29%in deal income. This has been principally Tapal has acquainted a wide item extend with meet the prerequisite of various taste and smell of Sri Lanka society. Tapal green tea has demonstrated a rising fame. It has presented diverse flavors in green tea range. As of late tapal has propelled ice tea which has been not as fruitful in the business sector. The significant brands of tapal are:


Jasmine Green tea
Elaichi Green tea
Lemon Green tea


3.4 PESTEL Analysis – UNILEVER

A sweep of the outer large scale environment in which the firm works can be communicated as far as taking after variables:


PESTEL analysis is a valuable key instrument for comprehension market development or decay, business position, potential and heading for operations. The headings of PESTEL are a structure for inspecting a circumstance, and can notwithstanding SWOT and Porter’s Five Forces models, be connected by organizations to survey a key bearings, including advertising suggestion. The utilization of PESTEL examination can be seen successful for business and key arranging, promoting arranging, business and item advancement and exploration reports. PESTEL additionally guarantees that organization’s execution is adjusted absolutely to the effective powers of progress that are influencing business environment (Porter, 1985).

Political and legal analysis

Unilever is liable to nearby, territorial and worldwide guidelines, laws and regulations. These tenets and regulations spread various regions, for example, item wellbeing, item asserts, trademarks, copyright, licenses, worker wellbeing and security, the earth, corporate administration, posting and revelation, business and expenses. Inability to agree to laws and regulations could leave Unilever open to common and criminal lawful test and might bring about fines or detainment of faculty. Further, notoriety could be essentially harmed by unfriendly attention identifying with such a rupture of laws or regulations.

Amid 2009-2010 very nearly 49% of Unilever income originated from D&E markets including Brazil, India, Indonesia, Turkey, South Africa, China, Mexico and Russia. These business sectors normally demonstrated more unpredictable than created markets. Any administration reaction to lessen the effect, for example, financial boost, changes to tax assessment and measures to minimize unemployment have additionally influenced Unilever’s monetary execution.

In a few areas Govt. has forced overwhelming obligations on imports and crude materials and it negatively affects generation limit. Notwithstanding, Unilever is entirely great in overseeing relations with Governments.( Taylor-Gooby, P., & Stoker, G. (2011)

Economic analysis

Macroeconomic environment is exceedingly questionable which has influenced smaller scale financial environment too by making a trepidation among normal buyers. Purchasers would not have any desire to purchase costly item or brands because of momentum monetary tide.

Monetary Decline in business amid a financial downturn has brought about client and supplier default. Unilever’s business is subject to proceeding with shopper interest for its brands. Decreased customer riches driven by unfriendly financial conditions has brought about shoppers getting to be unwilling or not able to buy Unilever items, which has unfavorably influenced income, turnover, benefits and overall revenues. Unfriendly monetary conditions have brought about the weakness of some of immaterial resources which are as brand names. Unfriendly financial conditions have influenced in two ways i.e. one or more nations inside of a locale or amplified universally. Be that as it may, retreat has expanded the interest for a portion of the home consideration items. Unilever is working in various business sector, which have responded to subsidence in various ways. In D&E markets volume drove development has been enhanced upto 7% in the main quarter of 2010.

Societal and Ecological Analysis
Unilever has added to a solid corporate notoriety over numerous years for its attention on social and natural issues, including advancing feasible advancement and use of renewable assets. It is exceptionally cognizant about security and strength of its representatives and mishap rate diminished by 9% amid 2009.
Unilever’s vision is to individuals feel great, look great and get more out of existence with brands and administrations that are beneficial for them and useful for others.
It has effectively kept up high social and natural models by outlining and creating items that are ok for customers. Unilever is dealing with such a large number of social welfare ventures like World sustenance developer and safe drinking water. Unilever is utilizing environment agreeable materials and pressing stuff. The Unilever brand logo now showed on all items and promoting, expands its outer introduction. Unilever has assembled its picture as a situation well-disposed and socially mindful organization. (Hyman, R., Klarsfeld, A., Ng, E., & Haq, R. (2012)

Technology Analysis

Unilever has been spending on IT to enhance its business particularly in the territory of e-business in order to enhance brands picture and nature of its items.

Unilever realize that inability to give adequate financing to grow new items, absence of specialized capacity in the R&D capacity and rapidly reveal the items might unfavorably affect its income, turnover, benefit and overall revenues and influence notoriety.

Abnormal state of robotization is one of the basic achievement elements of Unilever that separates then from their rivals and serves as a wellspring of upper hand. Today, Unilever is attempting to minimize cost through IT efficiencies at worldwide level. Furthermore, Unilever Technology Venture works in a joint effort with Unilever R&D gathering to offer Unilever meet purchasers’ some assistance with needing. Territory of concern is genomics, propelled bioscience, propelled materials science and nano innovation.

4. Product life cycle

This is a business sector development piece of the pie framework, and the area of our item is controlled by the mix of the two variables. Lipton Tea makes up the classification of Question imprints since its dispatch along these lines has generally low piece of the overall industry in a high development market. We don’t know so far how it will be seen by the business sector yet we trust that it will have the capacity to catch a high piece of the pie as the appropriation rate of Lipton Tea increments.
Figure 2: BCG Matrix

High growth rate & high market share
‘ Lux
‘ Sunsilk
‘ Wall’s
‘ Fair & lovely
‘ Rafhan
‘ Energile
High growth rate & low market share
‘ Clear shampoo
‘ Rin
‘ Comfort
‘ Dust Peral tea
‘ Lipton Ice Tea
Low growth rate & high market share
‘ Surf excel
‘ Ponds
‘ Lipton
‘ Close up
‘ Blue band
‘ Lifebuoy soap
‘ Rexona
‘ Knorr

Low growth rate & low market share
‘ Wheel
‘ Supreme tea
‘ Lifebuoy shampoo

Figure 3: Product life cycle
Product Life Cycle

Lipton Tea in item life cycle it is anything but difficult to judge that it is at presentation stage. Since Lipton is the business sector pioneer and at this stage its benefit is negative or low because of low deal and high conveyance and advancement costs.

Other real reason is to be presentation is unawareness. The general population don’t know to the Lipton Tea that is the reason their deal is low in begin. They can get change item life cycle by viable advancement, by figuring new value methodologies and so on.

In begin Lipton Tea will be on presentation stage and firm will manufacture item mindfulness and add to a business opportunity for the item.

As class lies in the middle of development and development organize so we can expect that Lipton Tea will be on development stage. As classification lies on development stage. As classification lies on decrease stage and neglects to support the high piece of the overall industry. ( Putsis Jr, W. P., & Bayus, B. L. (2001)

Ansoff matrix
Lipton Tea would be considered item advancement as it is another item and targets new market
Figure 4: Ansoff Matrix

The objective business sector is more youthful, fiery and moderate-to-high-wage people who look for changed tastes in their beverages and teas. Lipton Tea will be situated as a drink more fun and reviving, for all the more cordial individuals and for individuals with a particular taste.

Lipton means to get 70% of piece of the overall industry over the long haul. To accomplish this Lipton will keep up high caliber of materials and items and continue enhancing it throughout the years. Costs could shift somewhat contingent upon rivalry from different firms. Showcasing research consumption will increment after the underlying 2 years to break down the adjustments in business sector.

Customer Value Proposition

Brand, Product and company Target customers Benefits Value proposition
Lipton green tea in three flavors by Unilever Teenagers and adults Refreshes, energy, dietary supplements Lipton offers health conscious people iced green tea which is refreshing, aromatic and rich in taste and also used as dietary supplement free of artificial flavor.

Source: ChinaStones -

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