Systems need to be developed in the agriculture world in order to create a safe environment for your livestock's health and ultimately human health in regards to consumption of food. Vaccinations are a necessity today for your cattle in order to care for them. Segregation of animals on a farm is necessary if there are animals sick and proper vaccinations and boosters need to be administered if necessary. Enough living room for the animals is a necessity should a sickness arise due to close quarters. Proper food should be given to your animals in order to prevent an outbreak due to low immune systems. Finally there should be future planning for the event of a mild or serious disease or infection.
Beef is one of the most widely and common meat used in North America and so precautions to create health beef for human consumption need to be made in order to provide for such a high demand. Healthy eating habits for your cattle also is needed so that disease is kept at a minimum. You cannot ward off all infections and diseases for your cattle, but any farmer can provide quality beef which will not create sicknesses for humans and beef which will not contribute to high fats and obesity.
Cattle can contract a lot of infections and diseases which can affect us humans during consumption of beef or interactions with them. The most common heard of is rabies which can come from many types of animals. A rabid cow can transmit rabies simply through their saliva. If a farmer is working in close proximity with their cattle it is easy for the cow to transfer rabies with its saliva since rabies will cause a large amount of foaming at the mouth. Vaccinations are a simple way of controlling and helping cattle overcome sickness and in turn provide for us healthy food or interactions. Many people and organizations would look down upon vaccinations for the animals we consume, but what needs to be understood is the world today. It should be noted that when administering vaccinations it must be done in an area of the cow that is not an edible part of the cow typically the neck. Also you may not sell or have the cow butchered until approximately 30-60 days after the vaccination. One major problem is that farmers will inject their cattle in the rump and the needle could break while inside the cow. If this happens you can lose the needle and it can be missed at the butchers and end up on the consumers plate which obviously has its consequences. With our changing climate and pollution there have been many changes in our health. We humans are constantly giving ourselves drugs, vaccinations, and vitamins in order to keep ourselves healthy. If this is true then why wouldn't other animals need the same. People will pay outrageous amounts of money for the dogs, cats, and other pets to have surgeries and vaccinations so why would we not want to give the animals we eat vaccinations and boosters. With the changing climate the weather conditions have changed drastically and the question is what does this mean for cattle? During this time of the year when there is a melt and the air is damp, the snow is starting to melt, and the sun is more present the chances of pneumonia are very high. From my own experience in growing up and running a farm when this melt occurs you need to give the certain cattle which you deem necessary booster which can be applied through an injection or in their feed. The cattle which need these boosters and do not receive them most likely will contract contract pneumonia most commonly or other potential illnesses during the melt. When melt is over and we experience colder temperatures the sickness will not be able to be resolved by the cattle and will risk spreading it to you other cattle and livestock. in the event that your do have livestock which contract a sickness you need to segregate them from the rest of the healthy cattle so that there are no more outbreaks or fatalities. Vaccinating cattle is very common especially in our area of Canada and it is a simple practice followed out by most farmers in the area. Vaccinations for livestock are made in order to help them function and provide a healthy food for us humans. Pneumonia due to climate change is only one example of an infection which can be contracted by cattle which is a very small infection. There are many different types of vaccinations and and boosters which are used to battle all the different types of infections and diseases. Another common disease for cattle which has a major effect is gallsickness which is contracted through ticks. Cattle suffer from a lack of appetite, fever, and constipation. There are vaccinations made in order that we might battle infections and diseases from harming our livestock. Diseases from cattle can be transferred to us humans in the food they provide for us or water that they may contaminate. 'Cryptosporidium''. causes diarrhea, mostly in young calves. Direct or ingesting contaminated food or water can transmit the parasite. Humans may show no signs or they may exhibit gastrointestinal symptoms.'
Having used the proper amount of space for you cattle to live, graze, and sleep is necessary. Without the proper space given diseases and infections can arise. If and when they do arise a farmer must remove the infected cow so that it does not spread the disease or infection. This can easily be do by creating a different space for the cow to sleep, graze, and live. The space provided needs to be easily accessed and able to be closely monitored so that the progression of the the cows health can be seen. If the the cow gets better than it may be allowed to reunite with the other cattle, but in some cases if the cows health deteriorates than a vet can be consulted or the cow can be killed. If you decide that you must kill the cow you can do so but in an area not accessible to the other cattle and you need to bury or burn the dead cow so to be rid of the body in the case of the disease or infection spreading. Wherever you decide to do this must also be an area which the other cattle cannot access. Sadly today with the high demand of food the beef we eat usually comes from feedlots wherein cattle are cramped together in areas which are not suitable for living. This means that there is widespread disease and infections. The only way to keep the cattle from dying is to fill their feed with enough drugs and harmful boosters so that they do not die. These drugs and boosters obviously make there way to us because that is the beef we are eating. So how can we cut down on these harmful effects of the beef we consume? Feedlots could be beneficial if they were much much larger. If there was enough room for the cattle to move and graze then it would be ten times better for us, but sadly that could never be done since the size of land needed would be too much for one company or any feedlot company to even want to try. This idea can be best pursued and completed by the local small farmer and so support is what is most needed and likewise education for those the consumer. In the case of the feedlots all that can really be done in order to ensure better beef all that can be done is better monitoring by not only owners and partners but also by health and safety/government. Potentially there could be a shift of our heavy meat consumption which would reduce the demand and likewise allow for better beef but the time and effort to create that shift will take years to complete. For the local small farmer segregation of sick animals is necessary in order to care for your cattle or livestock. For whatever animals you are raising this concept must be understood and practiced. 'Isolation facilities must be a separate building or part of a building with separated air space from the main accommodation. It must not allow any direct with any other animal.'
As mention before boosters, within their limits, are a very good way of allowing your cattle healthy growth. Boosters can give your cattle the right vitamins when they are lacking especially in Canada during the winter months. During the summer cattle are mostly not fed hay. This choice is different for each farmer, but it has been proven that cattle who are left to graze will be healthier, stronger, and much better for human consumption than those which do not graze and are grain fed. 'Compared to grain-fed, grass fed beef is substantially higher in Vitamin A, E and Beta-carotene. Pastured beef also has 75% more Omega 3 fat than its commodity counterpart, with a nutritionally appropriate Omega 3 to Omega 6 ratio.' Not only does it create better health for us, but grass fed beef also helps the environment and plant growth. By constant grooming of the ground and fertilizing just by eating in pasture the soil can retain lots of nutrients and produce better plants which in turn allows for a stronger ecosystem to flourish. When you are feeding your cattle in the winter normally a farmer will have harvested hay from their fields which will hopefully last for the whole winter. Sometimes it is necessary to buy hay when there is a lack thereof. Also during the winter it may be necessary to provide the cattle with small amounts of grain everyday so that they are still receiving the nutrients they need. The difference here is that the grain that are provided is not loaded with different chemicals and boosters in order to quickly fatten the cattle, but are made up of natural ingredients like barley and oats. Sometimes as mentioned before you will mix in a small dose of boosters from time to time during the colder months when illnesses are at a high and immune systems are at a low.
In conclusion there are practices which are done by farmers that a growing pubic does not agree with, but do not completely understand the situation. The public needs to understand what is and is not necessary in cattle or any livestock production. Farmers need to make the effort to properly care for their livestock and create the best quality food they can. Without taking care of and providing for their livestock it puts the health of the farmer at risk and the health of the general public. If there is proper care administered to cattle and livestock then we can be sure that the food we consume will be a benefit to our health and not place us in a harmful position. Through simple segregation, proper vaccinations and boosters, healthy eating habits, and careful attention cattle and all livestock can give us the necessary and healthy food we desire and need so that we might ensure a healthy lifestyle for ourselves and communities.
Source: ChinaStones - http://china-stones.info/free-essays/business/systems-agriculture-world.php